Lecture Listening Guides
by David Capes
Lecturer: Steven Notley
Title: Has Bethsaida-Julias Finally Been Found?
Prepared by Dr. John Beukema
- What is historical geography?
- What are some of the “lost cities” of the Bible?
- Why does Notley consider the Et-Tell site an unlikely possibility for Bethsaida?
- How did some archaeologists address that problem of distance from water, and why was their solution inadequate?
- What is an archaeological reason Notley cites for not identifying Et-Tell as Bethsaida?
- When Notley looked at ancient sources about Bethsaida, and compared that to what he found at Et-Tell, what did he determine?
- Why is Josephus’ mention of Bethsaida important?
- Who are the three Roman authors cited by Notley who reference Bethsaida?
- In the 4th century, the only information about Bethsaida that Eusebius records is from the Bible. What does that indicate?
- What is Willibald’s testimony about Bethsaida?
- What is a “shovel survey”?
- How does Notley see Bethsaida’s gap in history explained at the El-Araj site?
- What did the excavation at El-Araj indicate about the level of the lake?
- When roof tiles, mosaic floor tiles, and vents of a Roman Bath were found, it provided evidence of what?
- Under the Roman bath, coins were found which dated to which time period?
- What is the significance of the “Lioness of El-Araj”?
- Which languages did Jesus likely speak?
- What does El-Araj mean?
- How does Notley explain the possible origin of that name?
- What were the two assumptions about identifying Et-Tell as Bethsaida that were shattered by geologists?