Around the world today, evangelical Bible scholars are giving hell a serious second look. Would the God who gave his Son to die for sinners finally keep billions of them alive forever to torment them without end? Does Holy Scripture require such a conclusion—or offer a different vision? The story of how the great majority of Christians came to teach unending conscious torment is as fascinating as any mystery or “Who-done-it.” In this lecture, Edward will identify scores of generally-overlooked Scriptures, then lead a tour through some paths of church history that are less well travelled, and which are haunted by pagan philosophy, medieval law and Reformation politics. One match that helped ignite the current debate about hell was Edward’s book, The Fire That Consumes, first published in 1982, with a foreword by the respected New Testament commentator F. F. Bruce. A revised and updated third edition (June 2011) has a foreword by Professor Richard Bauckham of the University of Cambridge.